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Word Count: 670
Henry IV was born in April 1367 and was the only son of John of Gaunt the son of Edward III and Blanche the daughter of Henry Grismond Duke of Lancaster Known as Henry of Bolingbroke after his birthplace in Lincolnshire he was made a knight of the Garter in 1377 In 1380 at the age of 13 he married Mary de Bohun the youngest daughter and coheiress of Humphrey the last Earl of Hereford They had four sons and two daughters before her death at the age of 24 in 1394 As the Earl of Darby Henry entered the House of Lords in 1385 In 1387 he supported his uncle Thomas Duke of Gloucester in his opposition to Richard II Gloucester was also Richards uncle and Henry was the Kings First cousin While taking part in the Merciless Parliament of 1388 Henry regained the favor of the King and in 1390 departed on the Crusade to Lithuania and then to Jerusalem Visiting the kings of Bohemia and Hungary and the Archduke of Austria and then Venice in 1392-1393 he went only as far as Rhodes and then returned to England as a popular hero He soon entered the government he served on the Council while Richard was absent in Ireland in 1395 and for his efforts was made Duke of Hereford in 1397 Henry soon quarreled with the Duke of Norfolk each accusing the other of arranging the murder of the Duke of Gloucester and calling for a trial by battle Both men were banished from the realm Norfolk for life and Henry for 10 years with a proviso that he would be allowed to inherit from his father But on the death of John of Gaunt in 1399 the Lancastrian estates were confiscated by the King and Henry decided to return seemingly to claim his promised inheritance Taking advantage of the Kings absence in Ireland Henry landed on July 4 1399 at Ravenspur
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