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Arthur Miller was an American playwright who was born in 1915 He grew up in New York to a Jewish family Hegraduated from the University of Michigan in 1938 where he began to distinguish himself as a playwright His first plays wereHonors at Dawn 1936 and No Villain 1937 which won the University of Michigan Hopwood Awards His Death of aSalesman won the Pulitzer prize in 1949 Miller wrote The Crucible in 1953 during the McCarthy period when Americanswere accusing each other of Pro-Communist beliefs Many of Millers friends were being attacked as communists and in 1956Miller himself was brought before the House of Un-American Activities Committee where he was found guilty of beliefs incommunism The verdict was reversed in 1957 in an appeals court Miller married Marylin Monroe in 1956 but divorced her The Crucible is set against the backdrop of the mad witch hunts of the Salem witch trials in the late 17th century It is about atown after accusations from a few girls which begins a mad hunt for witches that did not exist Many townspeople werehanged on charges of witchcraft Miller brings out the absurdity of the incident with the theme of truth and righteousness Thetheme is conveyed through the struggles of Millers main character John Proctor Act one begins with Reverend Parris praying over her daughter Betty Parris who lies unconscious on her bed Throughconversations between Reverend Parris and his niece Abigail Williams and between several girls the audience learns that thesegirls including Abigail and Betty were engaged in occultic activities in the forest lead by Tituba Parris slave from Barbados Parris caught them and jumped from a bush startling the girls Betty fainted and had not recovered During this session Abigaildrank chicken blood to kill Elizabeth Proctor She tells the girls that she will kill anyone who mutters a word about whathappened The townspeople do not know exactly what the girls were doing but there are rumors of
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