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Aristotle was born in 384 BC with him came the birth of Western realism He was a student of Plato and a tutor to Alexander the Great Founders 1991 It is difficult to discuss the philosophies of Aristotle without bringing up those of his former tutor Plato Aristotles philosophies diverted from Platos and led to Aristotle forming his own school the Lyceum After tutoring Alexander the Great for about five years he founded the Lyceum in Athens Greece Wheelwright 1983 The Lyceum was a philosophical school that dealt in matters such as metaphysics logic ethics and natural sciences When teaching at the Lyceum Aristotle had a habit of walking about as he discoursed It was in connection with this that his followers became known in later years as the peripatetics meaning to walk about Owens 1981 For the next thirteen years he devoted his energies to his teaching and composing his philosophical treatises This paper will attempt to discuss Aristotles contributions and theories in metaphysics epistemology and axiology However his major contributions are in MetaphysicsAristotles editors gave the name Metaphysics to his works on first philosophy either because they went beyond or followed after his physical investigations Adler 1983 Metaphysics are the theories of the nature of reality Aristotle broke down Platos dualism and replaced it with a hierarchy He stated that both things and ideas are real but ideas are better Actually all things are a combination of matter and idea For example A chair may be wood but it is more than just a block of wood It is wood shaped by an idea By looking at the chair we can know something of the concept which gives it meaning The physical chair is real but the concept which gives it meaning is higher in the matter hierarchy A more detailed look into this concept is discussed later in thispaper Aristotle also believed in mind-body dualism like Plato which asserts that the mind
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