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Word Count: 1,204
Herodotus and Rhampsinitus and the Thief Herodotus the first Greek historian has beencalled by some the father of history andby others the father of lies Born in 485 BC toa wealthy family at Halicarnassus in Asia Minor he was exiled to Samos soon after his birth becauseof his familys opposition to the Persiandomination of Ionia During his youth he traveledwidely studying the manners customs andreligions of the people he encountered Hishistories are made up of tales told to him bypeople from Egypt Syria Babylon Colchis He was criticized by several ancient writers forcreating stories and passing them off as the truthHerodotus is most famous for the nine books hewrote on the rise of the Persian Empire thePersian invasion of Greece in 490 BC and 480 BCand the final Greek victory Although it receivedquite a lot of praise and is still considered amasterpiece its trustworthiness has beenquestioned both in ancient and modern times The story that Im covering is of Rhampsinitusand the Thief pg 277 This is a tale thatHerodotus learned in Egypt and many believe thatthis anecdote was told to him by Egyptian priestsclaiming it a true story Herodotus himselfdidnt actually believe this particular story buthe felt it was his duty to report what he was toldNow for those of you who didnt read it Illquickly give a brief synopsis of the storyA dying father tells his two sons how to break intothe kings vault which he himself built Thefather then dies leaving the family with no way tosupport themselves So the two sons begin theirthieving They manage to escape with the treasurethree times before the king sets up a trap inwhich one of the brothers gets caught At hiscaptured brothers urging the other brother cutshis siblings head off taking it with his so thefamilys identity would not be known The next daythe king was bewildered at the sight of a headlessthief He then ordered his sentries to hang thebody on the outer wall and
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