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# The Life and Works of Emil Artin, an Austrian Mathematician

Emil Artin was an Austro-German mathematician born on March 3 1898 in Vienna Austria He grew up in what is recently known as Czechoslovakia When Emil was educated there it was a mainly German speaking city He did not find himself attracted to mathematics at a very young age which is very odd since most mathematicians are He did not show any interest to this subject until about the age of sixteen He claims that He didnt have any particular talent for the subject The school subject that he did show talent for was chemistry Artin began his university career at the University of Vienna After one semester he was drafted into the Austrian army and he served with this army until the end of the World War I Then in January 1919 he entered the University of Leipzig where he continued his mathematics studies In 1921 he was awarded his doctorate His thesis concerned applying the methods of the theory of quadratic number field to quadratic extensions of a field of rational functions of one variable taken over a finite prime field of constants www-historymcsst-andrewacukhistorymathematiciansartinhtml After receiving his doctorate he attended the University of Gttingen for one year He then went to the University of Hamburg as a professor He lectured on different topics such as mathematics mechanics and relativity He traveled to the United States in 1937 and became a professor at Notre Dame University 1937-38 Indiana University Bloomington 1938-46 and Princeton University 1946-58 In 1958 he returned to the University of Hamburg Artins early work centered on the analytical and arithmetic theory of quadratic number fields He made major advances in abstract algebra in 1926 In 1927 Artin proved the general law of reciprocity which included all the previous known laws of reciprocity until the time of Gauss It has become the main theorem of class field theory In 1926 Artin developed the theory of real-closed fields The following year

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