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Henri Fayol was born in 1841 and died in 1925 After 30 years of an eminently successful career as a practitioner Fayol devoted the remainder of his life from 1918 to 1925 to promoting his theory of administration Fayol was perhaps the first to note the need for management education His Administration Industrielle et Generale was published in French in 1916 Fayol argued that all industrial undertakings precipitate activities that can be categorised into six groups technical commercial financial security accounting and management Fayols work focused on the latter category management The Fayol model is relevant and appropriate to contemporary management Early last century for industrially-- developing economies Fayol offered 14 principles of management aimed to help managers ascertain what to do to manage more effectively Currently service-based and high-tech industries are becoming dominant in some economies such as the United States Many organizations in these industries interpret the principles quite differently from the way they were interpreted in Fayols time The differences and the cultural challenges managers face in implementing this new framework are presented Rodrigues1 In this essay I will discussion some of Fayols principles and asses whether they are relevant in todays business world Principle 1 Division of work Then This principle proposes that work can be performed more efficiently and more productively if it is divided into smaller elements and assigning specific elements to specific workers Thus the dominant thought in designing jobs then was specialization each employee performing a specific task as opposed to generalization each employee performing multiple tasks It should be noted however that Fayol pointed out that division of work has limitations which should not be exceeded In todays work place we have a system called multi-skilling This is where employees are skilled at one or two tasks but have the necessary knowledge to complete other tasks if necessary This enables employees to multi-task complete more than one job Higher specialisation allows more
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