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Oskar Kokoschka Kokoschka was born in Pchlarn a Danube town on March 1 1886 He studied at the Vienna School of Arts and Crafts from 1905 to 1908 As an early exponent of the avant-garde expressionist movement he began to paint psychologically penetrating portraits of Viennese physicians architects and artists Among these works are Hans Tietze and Erica Tietze-Conrat 1909 Museum of Modern Art New York City August Forel 1910 Mannheim Art Gallery Germany and Self-Portrait 1913 Museum of Modern Art Kokoschka was wounded in World War I 1914-1918 and diagnosed as psychologically unstable He taught art at the Dresden Academy from 1919 to 1924 During this time he painted The Power of Music 1919 Dresden Paintings Collection Dresden A succeeding seven-year period of travel in Europe and the Middle East resulted in a number of robust brilliantly colored landscapes and figure pieces painted with great freedom and exuberance Many of them are views of harbors mountains and cities Kokoschka one of the artists denounced by the Nazi government of Germany as degenerate moved in 1938 to England where he painted antiwar pictures during World War II 1939-1945 and became a British subject in 1947 After the war he visited the United States and settled in Switzerland He died in Montreux on February 22 1980 Best known as a painter Kokoschka was also a writer His literary works include poetry and plays not translated into English and a collection of short stories A Sea Ringed with Visions 1956 translated 1962 His father was a silversmith from Prague who experienced financial difficulties when the market for such handcrafted goods dried out with mass industrialization Oskars exposure to his fathers craftsmanship however was said to play a large part in his art and enthusiasm for craftsmanship In 1908 a book called The Dreaming Youths was published and it featured illustrations by Kokoschka They were done in a style that was indebted to Gustav Klimt whose Secession group
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