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Sir Francis BaconSir Francis Bacon was born January 22 1561 He died April 91626 He was an English essayist lawyer statesman and philosopher Hehad a major influence on the philosophy of science When he was 12 yearsold he began studies at Trinity College Cambridge In 1576 he enteredGrays Inn to pursue a career in law He was first elected in 1584Bacons opposition to royal tax measures would probably have broughtan end to his political advancement but he had the support of the Earl ofEssex whose prosecution for treason he later managed He was knighted in1603 after the succession of James I Bacon and he became solicitor-generalin 1609 attorney-general in 1613 lord keeper of the great seal in 1617 andlord chancellor in 1618 he was also created Baron of Verulam I 1618 andViscount St Albans in 1621 Bacon retained Jamess favor by steadfastdefense of royal prerogative but in 1621 he was found guilty of acceptingbribes and was removed from his office Retiring to Gorhambury hedevoted himself to writing and scientific workPhilosophically Bacon wrote marks such as the Instauratio MagnaGreat Restoration setting forth his concepts for the restoration ofhumankind to mastery over nature It was intended to contain six parts firsta classification of sciences second a new inductive logic third a gathering ofempirical and experimental facts fourth examples to show the effectivenessof his new approach fifth generalization derivable from natural history and anew philosophy that would be a complete science of nature Bacon completed only two parts however the Advancement ofLearning in 1605 later expanded as De Dignitate et Augmentis ScientiarumOn the Dignity and Growth of Sciences 1620 and the Novum Organum The New Organon 1620 which was to replace Aristotles Organon Sciences were under the general headings of history poetry and philosophy Their culmination was an inductive philosophy of nature in which proposedto find the natural laws of bodily action To this end he devised so-calledtables of induction designed to discover such forms with the
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