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Word Count: 551
Lenin became chairman of Council of Peoples Commissars and virtually the dictator The new governments first acts were to make an armistice with Germany and to abolish private ownership of land and to divide it up between the peasants Lenin fulfilled his promise of peace by accepting the humiliating treaty of Brest-Litovsk In 1919 Lenin established the Third International or Comintern to further world revolution The policy of war Communism prevailed until 1921 It brought extensive nationalization food requisitioning and control over industry In 1921 in an attempt to boost the economy Lenin launched the New Economic Policy NEP which allowed some private enterprise By 1922 Lenin had eliminated all organized opposition and had silenced hostile factions within the party In fact Lenin had set up a dictatorship of the Communist party which controlled the hierarchy of local regional and central soviets He retained the post of chairman of the Council of Peoples Commissars and was a member of the ruling Politburo of the Communist party until his death The strain of Lenins labors destroyed his health He suffered a stroke in 1922 a later stroke 1923 deprived him of speech In a testament criticizing Stalin written near the end of his life he recommended Stalins removal from the post of general secretary of the party After his death Jan 21 1924 this testament was suppressed and Stalin emerged victorious in the contest for succession The October Revolution of 1917 Stalin already a member of the central committee since 1912 entered the Soviet cabinet as peoples commissar for nationalities and began to emerge as a leader of the new regime During the civil war from 1918 to 1920 he played an important administrative role on the military fronts and in the capital He was elected 1922 general secretary of the central committee of the party enabling him to control the rank-and-file members and to build an apparatus
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