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China is and always has been a patrilineal and patriarchal society It is well known that Chinese society emphasis the importance of the family and the hierarchy within the family Mens superiority and womens inferiority are deeply rooted in the 2000-year-old Chinese culture The view of women in china may have changed over the years but they all have lived in a male dominated world The past has been like many cultures in the legal and cultural suppression of women Women were under capitalism in the traditional China According to Claudie 1977 5 there were mainly five types of social relations that are social labour housework children the family and sexuality During the 18th Century women in China continued to be subordinated and subjected to men Their status was maintained by laws official policies cultural traditions as well as philosophical concepts Confucianism greatly influenced the role of women and the family structure in China Women were to follow the Confucian ideology of Thrice Following which are as follows observing filial piety in childhood submitting to ones husband in marriage and obeying ones son in widowhood Kay Ann 1983 1 Claudie 1977 109 Elisabeth 1978 13 According to Elisabeth 1978 12 Kay Ann 1983 10 and Katie 1975 10 Confucius assigned yin to female and yang to male Yin means darkness weak passive and objective whereas yang means brightness strong and subjective Kay Ann also suggests that women passed through three ages in traditional China Firstly she was under the control of her father then she would be subjected to her husband and finally she would be directed to her son According to Confucian theory women were inferior to nearly everyone Richard Stanley 1981 48 She was to do as her husband wishes and received little in return In China many people live on the farm and strong hands are needed in the fields Therefore the Chinese favor sons
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