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Word Count: 3,185
Transfer Printing Mans urge to decorate his clothing and fabrics of his environment by means of printing dates back to the earliest of times Over the ages and even more now it is desirable to have designs on our fabrics There are many ways of getting these designs onto our clothing and fabric One way of doing this is printing on fabric Printing is the localized coloration of textilesMock It is characterized by use of delivery systems that apply precise amounts of colorant to locations on the fabric There are several printing methods such as roller printing screen printing ink jet printing and transfer printing This paper will focus on the method of transfer printing One of the latest and most interesting developments in the field of textile printing is the process known as transfer or Sublistatic printing Transfer printing is a term used to describe any process by which a colored design may be transferred without image distortion from a print on paper to a textile or polymeric material It is simply a heat transfer method of patterning synthetic fabrics The pattern is first printed on to a paper web This is done with special inks that contain dispersed dyestuffs which sublime at a temperature between 160 and 220 degrees Fahrenheit Sublimation is the process in chemistry whereby a solid is converted into a vapor by heat and back again into a solid on coolingStorey At this temperature the dyestuffs have little affinity for the paper carrier but a high affinity for the fabric to be printed and thus the image is transferred from the paper to the fabric There are many advantages of transfer printing The majority of polyester acrylic acetate and triacetate fibers are suitable for the transfer process Fabrics woven or knitted with up to thirty percent natural fiber mixtures also react well to transfer printing It is also easy to print continuous fabric cut pieces of fully fashioned garments
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