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During the Holocaust many labor and mass murder camps were built Auschwitz and Birkenau were infamous for their heavy labor camps Other camps also built were solely built for mass murders At these mass murder camps some used gas to poison the people The Belzec concentration camp is an example of one of these camps It was established in February 1940 and on November 1 1941 construction began at this death camp It was opened for only 9 months and is reported that 600000 people died there Belzec had the capacity to kill 15000 a day There are only two known survivors The Belzec concentration camps were built on the orders of Hitler that were passed down to Heinrich Himmler Himmler in turn ordered Odilo Globocnik the SS commissioner occupying Poland to construct a camp at Belzec One of the first gas chambers that were built was at Belzec Deportees from Cracow Radom Galicia Czechoslovakia Holland as well as Belzec went there Christian Wirth formerly of the Brandenburg euthanasia program built the gas chamber His building contained three rectangular rooms each about thirteen by twenty-six feet with ceilings just over six feet high A 240-horsepower engine from a captured Russian tank was installed in a shed just outside and exhaust fumes were piped into the chambers Many believed that carbon monoxide was a reliable form of gassing However this form of gassing at the beginning functioned very inefficiently A report from a SS colonial concludes this In it he says Sergeant Hackenholt was making great efforts to get the engine running But it doesnt go upMy stopwatch showed it all 50 minutes 70 minutes and the diesel did not start The people wait inside the gas chamber In vainAfter 2 hours and 49 minutes-the stopwatch recorded it all-the diesel startedthe people shut up in those four crowded chambers were alive four times 750 in four times 45 cubic meters25 minutes elapsed Many were deadbut
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