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An Essay on the methods and objectives of Swifts satire This essay will look at the first quotation of Swifts and analyse his use of satire in Gullivers Travels A Modest Proposal and The Ladys Dressing Room Along with Pope Gay and other literary lights Swift was a member of The Martinus Scriblerus Club The purpose of this club was to satirise the foolishness of modern man The influence of the club can be seen in Gullivers Travels as well as Popes Dunciad Swift had been a great traveller and he wanted to set down the most significant of his observations upon human life so that the world might be forced to read them Gullivers Travels can be recognised as that complete satire on human life The novel is a condemnation of certain human traits Gullivers experiences with various flawed societies foreshadow his ultimate rejection of human society in the fourth voyage Swifts style is composed chiefly of satire allegory and irony Satire can be defined as a mocking attack against vices stupidities and follies of man with an aim to educate and improve Gullivers Travels is the product of a mind deeply concerned with political matters In the book many figures which seem to be imaginary are meant to depict real personages There are many political allusions abound in the Travels Some are to the events of the end of Queen Annes reign and others to the reign of George I London at the time of the novels publication buzzed with speculations regarding the identity of some of the characters In Part One as Swift begins to describe the politics of Lilliput the country slowly becomes England The Lilliputian Emperor for example represents King George I Swift had no admiration for the King and uses the practices of the Emperor to allegorically criticise the English monarch The Emperor represents tyranny cruelty and corruption and he can be seen to be a timeless symbol
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