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Victorian Morals Values and Ideals The Victorian Era describes things and events in the reign of Queen Victoria 1837-1901 Victoria was just 18 years old when she became queen upon the death of her uncle William IV in 1837 Many people today believe that the Victorian Era is really connotations of prudish old-fashioned and very traditional But the Victorian Era is very paradoxical and very complex In religion the Victorians experienced a great age of doubt On a large scale there were many questions into Christianity and the status of society One of them was Friedrich Nietzsches 1844-1900 He saw a civilization so self-confident over its mastery of science technology politics and economics that for it God is dead and that belief in the Christian God has become unworthy of belief Without a theological and religious education he realized virtues would become values social conventions that could be debated and modified whenever convenience wanted The moral system of European civilization is founded on Judaism and Christianity He believed once this foundation is removed the structure would start to crumble He predicted there will be wars such as there have never been on earth before Culture has Nietzsche argues hollowed itself out and men the last men are left blinking in a world devoid of all meaning This is what Nietzsche calls nihilism The Victorian time was a time of ideological and scientific agnosticism The Oxford Movement a High-Church anti-liberal movement within the Church of England in support of tractarianism Utilitarianism which is the teaching that the worth or value of anything is determined solely by its utility Karl Marxs 1818-1883 ideology nicknamed Marxism of dialectical materialism communism and socialism Darwinism Charles Darwins 1809-1882 entire theory of evolution Sigmund Freuds 1856-1939 suggested workable cures for mental disorders Freuds theories were at highly disputed Victorian virtues were centered on the home and the family This is easily evident in a conversation at
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