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Confucianism Confucianism is based upon the thoughts of Confucius whom lived during the Zhou Dynasty which lasted from 1027 to 221 BC Confucius was born around 551 BC in Tsou a small town in the state of Lu in what is today Shantung Province His father died when he was three and grew up in poverty with his mother as he worked several jobs to help support the family By the time Confucius had reached the age of fifteen he was set on devoting his time and energy to the pursuit of learning He did just that later becoming the most influential and respected philosopher in the history of China Confucianism was the single most important thing in Chinese life in the dynasties to follow It affected education government and attitudes toward behavior in the private and public sector of life in China Confucianism is more of a philosophy and guide to morality than it is a religion When Confucius was born China was in a constant state of war and rapid political change altered the structure of Chinese society greatly in such a way that the people no longer respected the established behavioral guidelines Confucius stated that the ideal person was one that would conform to good moral character which led to his teachings of the five constant relationships The relationships were Father and Son Older Brother and Younger Brother Husband and Wife Friend and Friend and possibly a sixth relationship between Ruler and Subject In each of the relationships the superior member either by age or gender had the duty of benevolence and care for the subordinate member The inferior members role in the relationships was obedience to do what was right no matter what even if it meant going against the government Since the highest obedience was to do what was right true obedience to the superior member was to refuse to obey any orders to do
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