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The United Nations was established in 1945 after the end of the Second World War It was established in order to ensure world peace and to establish the economic social and political foundations through which this can be realised It aimed to achieve three main goals to maintain international peace to develop friendly relations among states and to cooperate internationally in solving international economic social cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms The roots of the UN lay in its predecessor the League of Nations The League had failed to provide a solution to settle international disputes emerged and in particular ineffective in preventing the outbreak of the Second World War As a result the UN was established with the aim of giving stronger executive powers to the Security Council in order to improve in maintaining peace and security However this expectation was largely challenged and it is widely acknowledged that the UN has failed in this particular aspect The determining factors for success or failures lies in whether the UN is believed to have fulfilled its original aims It is difficult to judge the UNs success on quantitative data such as the number of crises and conflicts By merely looking at the facts and figures we are excluding the politics and circumstances of each era The organisations performance has been shaped by the world political context In examining the extent of its success we must examine the political context of the world Upon establishment the development of the Cold War posed a serious challenge for the UN The UN was regarded as weak in dealing with the tensions and conflicts of this period During the Cold war it was paralysed from playing a major role in maintaining international peace and security because of the constant use of the veto by the great powers It is widely recognized that the UN has
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