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Brazils Film Industry Past to Present Within a year of the Lumiere brothers first experiment in Paris in 1896 the cinematography machine appeared in Rio de Janeiro Ten years later the capital boasted 22 cinema houses and the first Brazilian feature film Os Estranguladores The Stranglers by Antonio Leal had been screened From then on Brazils film industry made continuous progress and although it has never been large its output over the years has attracted international attention In 1930 still the era of the silent movie in Brazil Mario Peixotos film Limite was made Limite is a surrealist work dealing with the conflicts raised by the human condition and how life conspires to prevent total fulfillment It was considered a landmark film in the Brazilian cinema history the great Soviet director Sergie Eisenstein called the film an extremely beautiful film which one should submit oneself to right from the very first moments as to the agonizing chords of a synthetic and pure language of cinema Johnson et al 309 In 1993 Cinedia produced Alo Alo Carnival The Voice of the Carnival the first film with Carmen Miranda This film ushered in the chanchada which dominated Brazilian cinema for many years While the chanchada remained popular for several decades with hundreds of examples it slowly declined into vulgarity and became the pornochanchada by the 1970s The chanchada though popular was not popular enough to beat out the foreign films now dubbed in Portuguese still dominating Brazilian markets It also left the giant taste of Brazils tropical stereotypes in the mouths of the world the image of Brazil for many Brazilians is a bewildering potpourri of piranha infested waters samba and romance carnival and coffee Black Orpheus and Carmen Miranda Johnson et al 351 By the end of the 1940s Brazilian film making was becoming an industry The Vera Cruz Film Company was created in San Paolo with the goal of producing films of international
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