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Word Count: 1,136
Economic segregation is scarcely new In fact zoning and city planning were designed in part to preserve the position of the privileged but segregated communities go farther in several respects They create physical barriers to access And they privatize community space not merely individual space Many of these communities also privatize civic responsibilities such as police protection and communal services such as schools recreation and entertainment The new developments create a private world that shares little with its neighbors or the larger political system This fragmentation undermines the very concept of community life The forting up phenomenon also has enormous consequences By allowing some citizens to internalize and to exclude others from sharing in their economic privilege it aims directly at the conceptual base of community and citizenship The old notions of community mobility are torn apart by these changes in community patterns What is the measure of nationhood when the divisions between neighborhoods require armed patrols and electric fencing to keep out other citizens When public services and even local government are privatized when the community of responsibility stops at the subdivision gates what happens to the function and the very idea of democracy In a section of Fortified Enclaves The New Urban Segregation Teresa P R Caldeira looks directly at the construction and development of segregated communities in Sao Paolo Brazil and Los Angeles California For the purposes of this essay I will use Caldeiras essay to further understand the similar developments that are occurring in Manila the capital of The Republic of the Philippines In Manila segregated communities have been created with private streets The public streets are hopelessly congested but with a pass to the private villages one can successfully navigate the city This leads to two cities functionally--the private city and the public city With this model the structure of a segregated community within Manila can visibly show the separation that is happening that mirrors the same processes that has
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