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INTRODUCTION The political affairs of the world in eighteenth century left much to be desired by todays modern democratic standards Most dramatic regime changes following a revolution or war are quite easy to explain France in 1789 was seething with discontent at a corrupt and insensitive monarchy Russia in 1917 was long overdue for a revolution to sweep away on archaic semi-feudal order And the numerous colonial wars of independence in the post-1945 period were predictable given the rapid political and economic changes which World War II and its aftermath had precipitated The American fails to fit any of these neat stereotypes however The principal aims that the Founding Fathers of the Constitution had been to guarantee the sovereignty of the people to maintain a maximum of liberty for the citizens To have popular representation without an unbridled majority rule The sources of inspiration of the Founding Fathers were to a high extent John Locke Thomas Paine and Montesqieu To achieve the four main aims The social contract democracy and separation of power federalism In order to judge the success of the constitution to fulfil the aims of the Founding Fathers one should look at the changes that have occurred and how the American system looks today THE SOCIAL CONTRACT During the eighteenth century the idea that men possessed certain inalienable rights spread rapidly under the influence of the social contract theorists Locke Rousseau and pamphleteers Thomas Paine and became particularly popular in a colonial America infused with a spirit of liberty and independence The men of the American Constitution of 1787 were as much inspired by English philosopher John Locke Locke had agreed that between the citizens and the government power an agreement had been made This agreement meant that in exchange for less freedom a government had appeared to promote life liberty and property Life liberty and property were rights that governments were obliged to protect through the representation
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