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Word Count: 706
The summer of 1945 brought the continued conflict between America and Japan in the post-World War-II era Whether or not the United States decision to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima was a diplomatic mausre calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union rather than a military measure used to force Japans surrender was debatable The reasons for the use of the atomic bomb according to Secretary of War Henry L Stimson and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill differed greatly Stimson claimed that the objective of the United States in 1945 was simply to get Japan to surrender since the Japanese army was 5 million strong and willing to fight to the death Originally the plan involved a series of sea and air blockades air bombings and an invasion of Kyushu followed by an invasion of Honshu the main island However it was estimated that this plan of action would not end the war until late 1946 with many casualties as a result Stimson claimed that the bombs were used only to avoid this Winston Churchill viewed the situation differently Although he did feel that the war needed to be ended quickly and that the invasion was not the best of plans it was for a contrasting reason He felt that the war should be ended quickly in order to prevent Russian interference and believed that America felt the same The opinions of nuclear physicists on their creation of atomic weaponry were mixed Atomic scientist James Byrne was aware that the atomic bomb was not needed to win the war and that without it we could win in another 6 months Despite this he advanced its use in order to curb Russian influence in Europe Nuclear physicists Leo Silzard AH Compton Enrico Fermi EO Lawrence and JO Oppenheimer could not share this poitn of view Yet even they made a split decision on how the bomb
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