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Word Count: 674
The presence of Europe in Africa in the late nineteenth century was one of extreme power The countries of France Britain and Germany had especially large claims to the African continent during this time The motives of imperialism for these countries greatly define Europe at this time Insatiable desires for economic markets power and political struggles the motivating belief in Social Darwinism and the European idea of superiority were the driving forces at the European home front in the late nineteenth century Many of the causes for imperialism in Africa were evident in Joseph Conrads turn of the century novel Heart of Darkness Successful domination of Africa was not attainable prior to the eighteen hundreds The obstacles of travel and disease were too powerful to overcome However with the development of the steamship and the protection from malaria in the form of quinine Europeans tackled Africa with a renewed energy Sanderson Imperialism notes A European council congregated in 1885 and drew up the Berlin Act which was responsible for the carving of Africa into pieces of land for the major imperialistic powers in Europe Lehmann The Scramble for Africa Political and nationalistic rivals were fueled and each European power desired to prosper greater than their competitors did Political goals were often achieved through imperialism Countries competed for strategic passages and overseas bases in locations throughout Africa Lehmann European Imperialism The goals of achieving the most power and wealth from various regions through imperialistic measures were realized during the age of imperialism A new source of economic resources for ever growing European wants also encouraged imperialism Salt spices gold silver and diamonds were constantly searched for on all continents that the Europeans explored Africa Asia and the Americas all fell victim to the greed of the Europeans Furthermore an expanded market was needed after the rise of the Industrial Revolution Sanderson Imperialism notes Surpluses of products demanded a larger community to obtain the goods The introduction
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