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Johnsons plan for reconstruction was called Presidential Reconstruction In this plan he made it that the seven remaining states could be readmitted to the Union if they did several things The seven states were Alabama Florida Georgia Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina and Texas The guidelines that they must had to meet were to declare session illegal swear allegiance to the union and to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment which would end slavery All of the states except Texas quickly accepted these terms and elected legislators Congress did not believe that Johnsons plan truly brought an end to reconstruction and were infuriated by the pardons of over 13000 confederates and when congress convened in December 1865 congress refused to admit the newly elected southern legislators In 1866 the Civil Rights Act was passed which made African Americans citizens and said that states could not pass discriminatory laws called black codes Johnson shocked everyone by vetoing both the Freedmens Bureau and the Civil Rights Act After this the moderate and the radical republicans joined together to override the Presidents veto They also passed the fourteenth amendment which gave the Civil Rights Act a constitutional basis All of this brought about congressional Reconstruction In 1867 the Reconstruction Act was passed which did not recognize state governments created under Lincoln and Johnson plans except for Tennessee who had ratified the Fourteenth Amendment Johnson also vetoed this but Congress quickly overrode the veto Congress then tried to impeach Johnson saying he had violated the Tenure of Office Act by firing Secretary of War Edwin Stanton His trial began in March 1868 and lasted 11 days but in the end President Johnson was not found guiltyThe rise of the cattle industry can be attributed to many things One of those things was the railways The railroads gave cattlemen an easy way to get their animals across long distances Another way was the Chisholm Trail which was made by Joseph McCoy He
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