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Figures released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics ABS in 2000 show that the decline in Australian union membership continues despite the efforts of the Australian Council of Trade Unions ACTU to stop the slide The ABS reports that trade union membership has dropped to 28 percent of the total workforce compared to 1992 where there was 40 percent Australian Bureau of Statistics 2000 Previous ABS findings show that these recent figures are part of a general trend with no slight recovery recorded in the past six years Whilst it is evident that there is a decline in union membership it is important to analyse why this is so and what the unions are doing to combat the downward trend In attempting to tackle this issue it is important to state the main objectives of a union that attract employees to join a membership and why the memberships are declining Australian unions were established in the first half of the nineteenth century with growth beginning in the post gold-rush era It is from then that the fastest growth of the era seems to have been in the decade of the 1880s where prosperous economic conditions and a tight labour market were forces making for union development Dabscheck Griffen and Teicher 1992 The primary objective of a trade union is to improve the well being of its members They were formed to counter the superior economic power of the employers It has long been recognised that the market dominance of employers could only be offset by workers acting collectively and establishing organisations to bargain on their behalf The most important function of a union is to maximise the wages and salaries of its members Deery Plowman and Walsh 2000 Why do employees join unions There are a number of reasons that an employee may join a union but three major factors are evident They are dissatisfaction with economic aspects of
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