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In the new electronic age we are relying more and more on information technology to streamline government educate our children make health care more accessible and affordable and make our businesses more productive and competitive This rush to embrace a new age of technology must not however obscure the ongoing responsibility to protect important information and maintain the personal privacy of citizensThere is increasing awareness both in Australia and overseas of the privacy implications of new information technologies This has led to mounting pressure to ensure that those technologies are introduced in ways which respect the expectations of individuals in relation to the handling of their personal informationTask Force 1997 The concept of privacy is the expectation that confidential personal information disclosed in a private place will not be disclosed to third parties when that disclosure would cause either embarrassment or emotional distress to a person of reasonable sensitivities Privacy Commissioner 1995 Information is interpreted broadly to include facts images eg photographs videotapes and disparaging opinionsPrivacy Commissioner 1995In the past aswell as the present invasions of privacy had been treated as trespass assault or eavesdropping Part of the reason for the delay in recognising privacy as a fundamental right is that most modern invasions of privacy involve new technology eg telephone wiretaps microphones and electronic amplifiers for eavesdropping photographic and video cameras computers for collecting storing finding information Hilvert 1997 Before the invention of computer databases one might invade a few persons privacy by collecting personal information from interviews and commercial transactions but the labor-intensive process of gathering such information made it impossible to harm large numbers of victims Hilvert 1997 Hilvert further stated storing such information on paper in file cabinets made it difficult to use the information to harm victims simply because of the disorganized collection of information Consequently there is an overwhelming need to regulate privacy in the private sector Over the past 25 years many countries have introduced privacy and
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