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The treatment of Prisoners of War POW by the Confederacy and the Union is a particularly dark chapter in the history of the American Civil War in part because this was the first American experience in the custody and administration of a large number of POWs in the Savannah campaign we can clearly appreciate a tale replete with poor planning inadequate infrastructure fatal illnesses mutual recriminations and lingering bitterness Tragically many captured soldiers who had survived death dealing battlefields found themselves in situations that rendered mortality in other than less heroic ways In this paper I will explain the problematic of POW during the Civil War through the experiences of a prisoner Robert Sneden I will explain who was he what was his work and how it was recovered what were the established laws of land warfare during the civil war how were the nature of the prison facilities and finally how have evolved the laws until nowadaysThe first relevant data that are available about Pvt Robert Sneden come shortly after the firing on Fort Sumter in 1861 when this young of 29 years old joined the 40th New York Volunteer Infantry Snedens prewar career as an architectengineer attracted the attention of senior officers and the young Canadian was detached as a cartographer for most of his military career seeing action in the Second Manassas and on a few other occasions On November 27 1863 Sneden was captured by rebel troops led by the famed John S Mosby and rushed into a hustled south to a Richmond prison In early 1864 he was among the first batch of Union prisoners sent to Andersonville Ga where more than 13000 prisoners would eventually died After transfers to other Southern camps Sneden was finally released in December 1864 Throughout his brief army career Sneden kept a journal and sketched numerous sites of his terrible experiencesWe can see the stark reality of the POW in a more
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