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Democratization ------------------------------ 9824055 Russian and Russian Literature Kim Suh Jin e-mail devotomilhanmailnet Usually when a country goes through democratic transition there are two side which conflict during the process The present government which wields the power and challengers from opposition parties In South Koreas case it was the authoritarian regime and the political opposition and the opposition experienced suppression and confrontation before reaching a compromise The authoritarian regime has resources to obstruct or extend the democratic transition to ensure its continued political domination which was the case in South Korea The road to democracy is rough and the authoritarian government had to choose from repression which was costly or a compromise with democratic demands In S Korea after Rhee Syngman regimes fall Jang became the prime minister The National Assembly changed the then presidential system to a parliamentary system Four opposition parties were formed during the process the Society and Peoples Party the Association of Revolutionary Comrades the Korea Society Party and the Social Reform party Jang Myeon made plans for the economy and also proposed to cut military personnel He also signed a treaty with United States which gave U S much power This was signed because Korea badly needed U S economic aid However this weakened Jang regime and it failed to consolidate democracy Even though democracy had failed the yearning for democracy continued throughout the 60s and 70s and students demonstrated against the authoritarian Park Chung Hee regime In the 80s the student demonstrations became more violent Despite the opposition president Chun sought to postpone presidential elections and to make sure that Roh Tae Woo could win without a properly contested election On June 29 Roh Tae Woo made an announcement on Democratic Reform Rohs reforms included a fair and
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