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Forensic Science Proper Crime Scene Techniques The word Forensic is derived from the Latin forensus meaning of the forum1 In ancient Rome the forum was where governmental debates were held but it was also where trials were held -- the court house From that forensic science has come to mean the application of the natural and physical science to the resolution of matters within a legal context2 Forensic Science can be viewed as a tripartite structure consisting of 1 Collection which pertains to the science investigation 2 Examination which pertains to the medical investigation and 3 Presentation which pertains to the courts A forensic case will involve all aspects of each of the three structured elements each being as important as the other It is obvious that there needs to be a collaborative approach for the successful completion of each case Each step in forensic science must be done in an exact order therefor it can be assured that the investigation can have few doubts about what is being debated In this paper I will focus my attention on the first aspect of the three step structure Collections and Scientific Investigation I will show what should be done at crimes scenes how crime scenes should be handled and what steps must be followed to ensure that all evidence is pure as when the crime was committed The purpose of crime scene investigation is to help establish what happened at the crime and to identify the responsible persons This is done by carefully documenting the condition at a crime scene and recognizing all relevant physical evidence The ability to recognize and properly collect physical evidence is often times critical to both solving and prosecuting violent crimes It is no exaggeration to say that in the majority of cases the law enforcement officer who protects and searches a crime scene plays a critical role in determining whether physical evidence will be used in solving or prosecuting
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