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The Portrayal of the Main Characters in Antigone and Lysistrata Illustrate the Athenian Ideal of the Proper Woman Throughout history across the world women have not had the same political or civil rights as men as a result of this inequality women have had little representation in the literary world Ancient Greece specifically ancient Athens exists as one of the few literary exceptions to the centuries long worldwide disregard of women Realistically women in ancient Athens led limited lives bound by the often-cruel dictates of a male dominated society These ancient Athenian women were not citizens they had no political power and they were property of their husbands The only powers ancient Athenian women had came in the form of determining inheritance through burial rites and their ability to influence men through their physical sensuality The exploration of womens loss of their power over burial rights and their use of their physical attractiveness to influence men in Sophocles Antigone and Aristophanes Lysistrata illustrates to the reader the same idea concerning the essence of the ideal woman in Athenian society The different portrayals of female characters in Antigone and Lysistrata illustrate the fundamental nature of the proper Athenian woman Sophocles allows the reader to see that outrage over social injustices does not give women the excuse to rebel against authority Aristophanes reveals that challenging authority in the state becomes acceptable when the city-state faces destruction through war Sophocles and Aristophanes use different means to illustrate the same idea the ideal Athenian womans ultimate loyalty lies with her state This Grecian concept of the proper woman seems so vital when considering Athenian society because both a tragedy and comedy revolve around this concept The differing roles accorded to Antigone and Lysistrata through their relationships with their families other women and society reveals the Athenian idea of the proper woman In Sophocles Antigone the problems with the main characters role in relation to
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