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Stowe focuses on developing genteel white characters in order to conveythe actual types of people involved with slavery prior to the Civil Warin America Marie Miss Ophelia StClare and Shelby are examples of thedifferent attitudes people held towards slavery The characterizationsadvance the theme of good christianity vs bad christianity because allof the characters are considered examples of bad christianity this isfollowing the belief that slavery and christianity are incompatibleTheproper spheres of action for women and men is another major theme in thenovel with the males spheres more concerned with marketplace affairswhile the females spheres are more concerned with household affairsHowever these spheres are exchanged in some characters to make themappear more feminine or masculineStowe focuses on developing these characters primarily to make thenovel seem more realistic In order to accurately portray these types ofpeople Stowe wanted to show that even people who disproved of slaveryplayed an active role and contributed to the institution Arthur Shelbywas Toms original owner and a kind masterpage 77 The reason fordeveloping Mr Shelby was to show that although the slaveholder isgood-natured the slave is still unable to protect themselves Evenafter Shelby had promised to set Tom free this promise was revoked onceShelby had financial diffuculties When Shelby was asked why he wouldsell Tom he simply replyed I dont know why I am to be rated as if Iwere a monster for doing what every one does every daypage 29 Shelbyrepresents the common Southern gentlemen Augustine St Clare is Tomssecond master and is also kind to his slaves St Clare refuses tophysically harm his slaves and provides a calm environment for hisslaves to dwell in Ultimately St Clare is unwilling to act on hisbeliefs primarily because he recognizes how diffucult it would be StClare is the representation of an individual who knows that slavery iswrong but fails to take action against it or as St Clare describesit himself his life is a contemptible non sequitur page 212 Thiswould be
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