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Theories Of Right And Wrong When a person is born they do not know the difference between right and wrong The word philosophy means the love of knowledge In order to gain any substantial amount of knowledge people must question the events in the world around them by asking how or why questions Socrates and Aristotle two well-known philosophers would explain how someone would acquire knowledge by explaining the principles of right and wrong Socrates thinking is told through his student Plato who wrote down his teachers thoughts since Socrates did not write anything down Socrates believed that things are born with knowledge intact much like instinct Therefore he believed that before we are born our soul knows everything but when we are born our mind is a blank slate As we grow day by day we recollect the knowledge from our soul The only logical place knowledge from the soul would reside is in the un-conscience depths of the human mind Before this knowledge can be recollected it must first be aquatinted with the world of forms also referred to as experience Plato believed that people lead past lives His theory was based on the idea that a persons mind contains knowledge from past lives deep in its memory True knowledge in this world consists of remembering reminiscence or recollection What the mind or soul once knew is raised to present awareness by a process of recollection aided by the technique of dialect also known as the Socratic method It is often said that we are born with concepts and it is these concepts that structure our minds beliefs and action Socrates was able to show that young uneducated people know some truths not because someone taught the uneducated person but because the person naturally knew the relationship of various ideas and how those ideas related to each other This type of recollection allows people to have ideas which they become
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