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Steven Hawking Steven William Hawking was born on January 8 1942 in Oxford England He was always interested in science and how things worked From about the age of 20 he was awarded a first class honors degree in Natural Sciences After receiving his degree Steven went to Cambridge to do research on Cosmology After receiving his PhD he left the Institute of Astronomy and since then he has held the post of Lucasian Professor of Mathematics In the late 1960s Steven proved that if general relativity is true and the Universe is expanding a irregularity must have occurred at the birth of the Universe In 1974 he first recognized a truly remarkable property of black holes objects from which nothing was supposed to be able to escape By taking into account quantum mechanics he was able to show that black holes can radiate energy as particles are created in their vicinity Dr Hawking has also worked on the basic laws that govern the universe With Rodger Penrose he showed that Einsteins General Theory of Relativity implied space and time would have had a beginning in the Big Bang and an end in black holes These results indicated it was necessary to unify General Relativity with Quantum Theory the other great scientific development of the first half of the 20th century One consequence of such a unification that he discovered was that black holes should not be completely black but it should emit radiation and eventually evaporate and disappear Another speculation is that the universe has no edge or boundary in imaginary time This would imply that the way the universe began was completely determined by the laws of science While studying at Oxford Steven noticed that he was becoming rather clumsy during his first year When he returned home one Christmas 1962 his mother persuaded him to go to the doctor In 1963 he was diagnosed with ALS Ameliotrophic Lateral Sclerosis or best known
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