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Distribution Found throughout Ontario but more abundant in southern and central AmericasRange Adults maintain small home ranges up to 500 m2 in fields or open forest during the summer Where terrestrial habitats are quite dry home ranges include some shoreline A minimum of 4 ha of terrestrial habitat is recommended for the vicinity of breeding sites however individual adults may move several kilometres away Most recently metamorphosed froglets stay within 20 m of shoreline although some froglets begin dispersal before metamorphosis is entirely completeDiet Larvae eat algae phytoplankton periphyton and detritus Adults eat mainly invertebrates but will also take tadpoles or very small frogletsReproduction Successful breeding sites are permanent ponds marshes or pools or backwaters of streams Eggs and tadpoles require warm prefer 18o - 28o C shallow sunny areas Breeding occurs from mid-March to mid-May in southern Ontario and a few weeks later further north Metamorphosis occurs in 2-3 monthsTadpoles require minimum oxygen concentrations of 3 ppmHabitat Relative to bullfrogs and green frogs leopard frogs use open fields more and prefer denser terrestrial vegetation In aquatic habitats submerged vegetation detritus and soft mud are used for coverFroglets require muddy shorelines lily pads rocks logs orbeaver dams with clear access to deeper waterAdults prefer unmowed fields 15 - 30 cm high no morethan 1 m high vegetation or open forest in the vicinity ofCorridors may be required among breeding hibernation andsummeringhabitats within 2 km These may be either aquaticstreams or rivers or terrestrial field or forest usually notcropland except during periods of irrigationHibernate in deep or running water that will not freeze solidor become anoxic Are found hibernating on muddysubstrate or under rocks sunken logs leaf litter orOxygen levels at one known successful hibernation site wereTadpoles metamorphose in the year of hatchingPermanent wetlands with fishless areas or near fishlessBreeding requires sufficient water for metamorphosis to beOn land prefer moist soil leaf litter or mossPrefer egg-laying sites with emergent vegetation on about 23 of edge and
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