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Historically disabled children were segregated from regular education students in the public schools They did not have the opportunity to interact with their non-disabled peers They were often placed in separate settings with all children who also had disabilities The treatment and discrimination of disabled children and their parents were the main purposes for the formation of IDEA which was created to protect their civil liberties The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act was enacted in 1975 There have been numerous amendments up to 1995 It was created because prior to 1975 children with disabilities were being segregated in schools because they were disabled and were getting an inadequate education IDEA was passed to assure that all disabled children would get a free and appropriate public education Individuals 1 This means that the children would get special education and related services that were free and under public supervision Before it was passed one million children were shut out of public schools and 90 percent of them were in state institutions Today there are no more state institutions and many disabled children attend public schools Over five million students today with disabilities are receiving appropriate and free special education and other related services Individuals 1 Under IDEA only a certain number of disabled children are eligible Some of the disabilities that fall under eligibility are mental retardation physical and emotional retardation autism dyslexia orthopedic disabilities sensory disabilities and emotional disturbances These are most of the disabilities that fall under the eligibility guidelines under IDEA An Educators 48 Under IDEA the state and school districts have to collect important data on the disabled children that are at their school so that the government can ensure that they are following the law They need data on suspension and expulsion rates of the disabled students the number of children by race ethnicity and disability who are placed in interim alternative educational settings and why this has occurred The
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