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Stalins Russia STRUGGLE FOR POWER AFTER LENIN DIED IN 1924 Stalin Takes Power 1Secretary - as General Secretary of Com Party installed supporters in important positions 2Trotsky unpopular - brilliant but big-headed Missed Lenins funeral Stalin told him wrong date Ideas of world revolution worried some Russians - too soon 3Played off 2 sides of Politburo against each other First Stalin allied with Zinoviev and Kamenev Leftists got Trotsky dismissed 1925 Next he called for Socialism in one country allied with Bukharin Rykov and Tomsky Rightists got Zinoviev and Kamenev dismissed 1927 Then he said the NEP wasnt socialist got supporters of it Bukharin Rykov Tomsky dismissed 1929 STALINS TERROR THE PURGES Stalin Takes Total Control 1Secret police - The Cheka became OGPU in 1924 became NKVD in 1934 2The First Purges 1930-1933 - anyone who opposed industrialisation or who opposed collectivisation 3The Great Purges 1934-1939 - triggered by murder of Kirov Political Opponents - thousands arrestedfound guilty of treason at Show trials - eg Zinoviev Kamenev 1936 Bukharin Tomsky Rykov 1938 Army - Commander-in-Chief of Red Army shot many other generals admirals officers executed or imprisoned Church - leaders imprisoned churches closed Ethnic groups - Russification mosques closed Ordinary people - arrested sent to Gulag labour camps 20m died Apparatchiks supporters got new homes 4Cult of Stalin - pictures statues constant applause history books changed REASONS FOR THE PURGES Why Unnecessary Purges 1Whole country - belief in strength in unity 2Urgency - Stalin said Russia had 10 years to catch up the west before Germany invaded 3Paranoia - Stalin saw plots everywhere and became power-mad RESULTS Results Of The Terror - Insane Stalin Grabs All The Power Russification Orthodox Church attacked Twenty million dead Terror fear Industry-affected by loss of top scientists engineers Stalin cult Gulag Army and navy lost leading officers Purges COLLECTIVISATION WHY Six Factors Now To Collectivise Kolkhoz 1Soviet agriculture backward - subsistence
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