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Word Count: 781
During the first half of the 20th Century the nation and the media had to face some of the gravest crises in modern history Media responses to these crises suggest the basic questions about the relationship between the media and modern society In a final analysis the media during the national crisis of 1917-1945 should be judged as a constructive force for combating immense national threats to democracy Most of the medias actions demonstrate constructive patriotism World War I was a major crises for this nation and led to media coverage and foreign correspondence like never before When the United States entered the war the CPI was formed which coordinated the media and war effort Their job was to inform and influence the press The information was usually accurate but it is easy to see how the CPI could use the press to further the American war effort The CPI had newspaper editors voluntarily censor their material according to the CPIs guidelines of material that should be kept secret Since the press supported the war they cooperated with the CPI Even though newspapers had information the public would be interested in they would censor that information because they believed in the overall goal of furthering the war effort not giving information to the enemy and mobilizing public support for the war The same is true for the Great Depression During the Great Depression President Hoover had asked the press to use caution and not to make matters worse It is said that newspapers did not need the nudge Sloan Startt 324 Instead of reporting on specific matters about the economy or political action newspapers published happier stories as not to upset their readers This was an effort that newspapers thought was for the common good By not upsetting or alarming their readers widespread panic would not happen Media during the Great Depression is another example of how the media curtailed themselves
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