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The Galileo Affair in 1633 saw Galileo condemned for supporting the heliocentric model of our solar system as proposed by Copernicus1 This seems to suggest a clear distinction between science and religion in the 17th century Many other condemnations during this time offer the same view However current evidence suggests that Galileo was not condemned for supporting the Copernican theory rather for doing so after being ordered in the earlier meeting by Pope Paul V not to hold or defend it in any way and that by neglecting to mention this when asking for permission to write the Dialogue had deceived Pope Urban VIII2 Therefore the Galileo Affair cannot be used as evidence of the incompatibility of religion and science Moreover recent study suggests a close relationship between religion and science during the Scientific Revolution In light of said study this paper will focus on the influence of religion on the scientific work of Sir Isaac Newton More specifically it will try to answer the following 2 questionsIn what ways and to what extent did religion influence Newtons scientific achievementsIn what ways and to what extent did science influence Newtons views on religionA careful analysis of Newton as well as his achievements offers a unique idea about the relationship between religion and science during the Scientific Revolution Specifically Newton claimed that his scientific findings provided evidence of a Creator Moreover Newton was devoutely religios He regarded himself as one of Gods chosen few3 sent to earth to teach a select few about the scriptures and science4 Therefore we see that religion set the agenda5 for Newtons scientific endeavours and science provided the proof of God he desired Looking more broadly at the relationship between religion and science in this time period the same pattern as above begins to emerge namely religion sets the agenda for science and philosophy Therefore during the scientific revolution religion and science were closely related in that religion influenced science by
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