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Word Count: 1,549
Magic was remarkably prevalent through society in the early Middle Ages As the Middle Ages wore on the Church began to exert its considerable power to suppress it Even the meanings of many words associated with the supernatural changed Although the Church suppressed some magic other forms were allowed and accepted into Christianity and were even encouraged1 Before the Church began its purging of magical practices kings emperors and commoners practiced it regularly2 Magic had many names and meanings The Church condemned some magic and denoted it as magia Magia consisted of sortilegi lot casting to foretell the future3 incantaio incantations to place power into objects and astrologia foretelling the future from the stars just to name a few Some of the forms accepted by the Church were miracula miracles Miracles were supernatural acts by powers given from God4 Even the meaning of demon changed in this period from meaning just any spirit to an evil malicious spirit5 In this paper magic will be what was considered as supernatural events and magia as what the Church condemned Magic was derived from ancient pagan religions folk traditions and Greco-Roman sources6 The pagan customs that survived among the Christian lower classes were enchantment magical knots talismans the use of herbs stones and poisons spells incantations etc7 When an animal or person became sick with an unknown ailment it was thought to have come from the arrow of an elf or other magical being A person similar to a shaman was called in to help the person8 The shaman would chant and use herbs to help the person If the person did not get any better then the local Christian priest or saint was called into attempt a cure There are many stories of the shaman failing and a priest succeeding9 Magic was not only utilized by the commoners however Even some of the most important and influential people of the time believed in and practiced magic King
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