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The Rise an Fall of the Machine Chicago politics had become synonymous with organized crime Following the years of prohibition this reputation had become well earned in that control of many municipal functions was influenced in some way by the underground operations In a city that initially developed by entrepreneurial ambition it was no surprise that now money was the core influence in policy decisions By itself the criminal element had enough of a deterring effect on the city and its image But when combined with the structure of the citys administration and the distribution of power a tool which had originally been created for the good of society just did not work the way it should have The Chicago Machine had its foundations laid during the brief term 1931-33 of Anton Cermak The only foreign-born mayor of Chicago to date he managed to climb the ranks of the Democratic Party along with Pat Nash through a quick and skillful mastery of the politics of Chicagos ethnic ghettos He opposed the Prohibition that was unpopular with immigrant workers and carefully balanced Democratic slates and platforms among the many ethnic labor and business interests He believed like Mayor Richard J Daley after him that good government was good politics-and good politics was good government Once in office he tried to run the city and the party like a business competence was rewarded but if you did not deliver then you were out Following Cermaks assassination it was assumed that Pat Nash would assume the mayoral position yet he waived it due to his aging and a lack of interest When Ed Kelly filled the spot the machine was further developed in the ways that it had been previously fabricated Now dubbed the Kelly-Nash Machine the influence of the mayors office grew that much more And even though the country was going through the depths of the Great Depression good-hearted men like Cermak and
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