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Q Consider the role of fortune in the tragedy of King Richard 2 A One of the main themes running through Richard the second is the idea of the failure of a Kings duties to his country The play examines the changing fortune and loss of kingship from Richard to Bolingbroke due to his neglect of time and duty However both characters undergo a remarkable transition in their attitudes and furthermore both can be seen to be wrong in trying to claim what is not rightfully their own In the early stages of the play Richard takes Bolingbrokes lawful inheritance away which arguably marks the beginning of his own downfall In doing this he is undermining the very notion of how he himself became King by denying someone else their natural inheritance This is pointed out to him by York although the advice is ignored Take Herefords rights away and take from Time his charters and his customary rights Be not thyself for how art thou a King but by fair sequence and succession However there are various other instances in the play when Richards supposedly unquestionable power and judgement are called into question He allows Bolingbroke and Mowbray to go through all the ceremony of their duel before subsequently cancelling it and also changes the time of Bolingbrokes banishment This does not go unnoticed and Bolingbroke appears to question the casual and flippant way Richard reduces his sentence Four lagging winters and four wanton springs End in a word such is the breath of Kings Consequently the next scene implies the qualities that Bolingbroke possessed which would seem to be ideal for a King He is seen to be popular with the common people which shows up the various qualities that Richard himself lacks His popularity is clearly a threat to Richard who obviously relishes in his banishment Observed in his courtship to the common people How he did seem to dive
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