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Word Count: 952
Slavery played a central role in the history of the United States It existed in all the English mainland colonies and came to dominate agricultural production in the states from Maryland south Slaves were brought from many places but most slaves were brought to the United States from Africa According to Bennett Most of the Negro slaves came from an area bordering a 3000 mile stretch on the West Coast of Africa 1997 Many Negroes in the 16th and 17th centuries who were also brought back from Africa for their skills in growing different types of crops English settlers started to own slaves after there was a shortage in their labor force but they werent the only ones because Spain had also brought slaves to Mexico According to Henry The English settlers of North America only gradually turned to black slavery to solve their labor shortage Spain brought at least 100000 Africans to Mexico during the 16th century but England did not extensively engage in the slave trade until the Royal African Company was established in 1663 1994 When a Negro was taken from his or her home to become a slave they had to be fully examined including their limbs body and health Then those who were healthy enough were marked with a company name According to Bennett the surgeons examine every part of everyone of them to the smallest member men and women being all stark naked Such as are allowed good and sound are set on one side and the others by themselves Slaves so rejected are there called Macrons being above 35 years of age or defective in their limbs eyes or teeth or grown gray or have the venereal disease or any other imperfection These being so set aside each of the others which have passed as good is marked on the breast with a red-hot iron imprinting the mark of the French English or Dutch companies 1997 The hardness
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