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HW 46 What role did Theodore Roosevelt play in the Progressive Movement1 Define what Roosevelt meant by Square Deal Roosevelt meant by the Square Deal that the mining operators did not have achoice They had to submit to what the government said and had to make a deal with theunion led by Mitchell In a sense they really had no end in the consequently called the2 Explain Roosevelt role in the a anthracite coal strike b Northern Securities Case cHepburn Act d conservation of natural resourcesAnthracite Coal Strike - Many miners were dying needlessly every year The menreceived no raise in wages in 20 years They were paid by the weight of the coal they dugbut the companies were not weighing honestly By 1902 they could not dig anymore JohnMitchell became leader of the union with 150000 strong After TR got involved theyresolved the strike and the union and workers got mostly what they asked forNorthern Securities Case - It was a holding company a corporation set up to hold acontrolling part of the stock of other companies It was formed by James J Hill of thegreat northernthe rockefellers JP Morgan and EH Harriman They brought peacebetween the competitors over the stock of one of the railroads These men with greatwealth had plagued a whole region and disrupted the nations stock market by their fightfor monopoly So TR sued them He said that they violated the Sherman Antitrust ActThe court then asked that it dissolve Hepburn Act 1906 - Gave the ICC power over pipelines express and sleeping carcompanies bridges ferries and terminals Railroad rebates and free passes wereforbidden If a shipper complained about any unfair rate the Commission could reducethe rate until a federal court ruled on its fairness It marked a major step on the path toeffective federal regulation of businessConservation of natural resources - In 1891 Congress gave power to the President overpublic land wholly or in part
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