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CHINESE SOCIETY Even since the dramatic post-1949 changes in China regarding the role of women China has remained paternalistic in its attitudes and social reality The land reform which was intended to create a more balanced economic force in marriage was the beginning of governmental efforts to pacify women with no real social effect Communist China needed to address the woman question Since women wanted more equality and equality is doled out from the hands of those in power capitalism was examined The economic issues of repressed Chinese women were focused on the Land Act and the Marriage Act of 1950 The Land reform succeeded in eliminating the extended familys material basis and hence its potential for posing as a political threat to the regime Small-plots were redistributed to each family member regardless of age or sex and land reform provisions stipulated that property would be equally divided in the case of divorce Nonetheless their husbands effectively controlled land allotted to women Patriarchal familial relationships in the Confucian tradition seemed to remain intact The Marriage Law of 1950 legalized marriage denounced patriarchal authority in the household and granted both sexes equal rights to file for divorce The second and most prominent element of the strategy was integrating women into economic development Womens employment was viewed as a prerequisite for emancipation from bourgeois structures as embodied in the patriarchal family Furthermore at the core of the CCPs strategy for political consolidation was economic reconstruction and rural development The full participation of women was not only an ideological imperative but a pragmatic one Third the All-China Womens Federation WF was established by the CCP to mobilize women for economic development and social reform Women did succeed in gaining materialisticly However culture dictates whether these governmental attempts can be successful and China has proven that they were only panaceas for the real issue Materialistic approaches could not shadow the issue of the view in Chinese society of
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