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Notes - Dier el-Medina from Societies From The Past Women oThe position of women in the New Kingdom must be pieced together from a variety of sources ranging from scenes from their husbands tombs to references in writings such as the Instructions which encouraged correct womanly behaviour oAs children girls did not receive the same education as their brothers Most women couldnt read or write oTheir rank in society was that of their father or husband oLarge families were the ideal and marriage was mainly for reproduction oThe average for a female to marry was 13 oMarriage was a legal matter and both re-marriage and divorce was common oIf a man divorced his wife for any reason but adultery he had to pay her approx 13 of their property and if a woman divorced her husband for any reason but adultery she had to pay him some compensation oBoth sexes shared many legal rights Women could initiate marriage or divorce own and dispose of property and often inherited the same share as their brothers oGenerally women supervised their home however they also performed outside work These included female priests or priestesses professional mourners singers dancers nurses minor court officials doctors workshop weavers washerwomen bakers and millers Poorer women often worked in the fields or were household servants oLiterature often reminds men to behave carefully around unknown women but also honours the role of mothers and competent housewives Workers oMost evidence gained of the workers lives is from relief scenes in nobles tombs The noble is usually emphasising his official role and thus his own importance by depicting himself inspecting various agricultural work and workshops on his own estates or those of the king or at temples particularly those of Amen oScenes of animal husbandry and agriculture are the most prominent Most illustrate the cultivation and harvesting of crops such as barley and emmer wheat the basis of economy oMost land was owned by
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