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IntroductionForensic anthropologists use different methods for example facial reconstruction in order to identify the person of the remains Facial reconstruction is a forensic technique that attempts to recreate an individuals face from a skull for the purpose of identification Hwang et al 2012 p443 It can be done through different ways for example sketching As technology advances new method is developed for instance by using computer software and laser scanner However computer generated facial reconstruction has its strengths and weaknesses Vanezis et al 1989 This paper will explore the strengths and weaknesses of three-dimensional computer generated facial reconstruction The science that has been performed will also be examined ScienceComputer aided facial reconstruction literally means that a computer system is used for reconstructing a face model A laser scanner is also used to produce a digital image of the skull However there are some processes actually involve science for example the pre-scanning examination and the soft tissue thickness Enciso et al 2003 Before scanning the skull the investigator examines the skull manually to make sure the accuracy of all the collected data for example sex of the individual Investigator looks for the morphological traits to find out the sex If a skull is light and small and has a slopped forehead it will be classified as a female skull Inoue 1990 p109 The shape of skull can also tell the ancestry of that individual Investigators also examine the fine details that may not be scanned clearly for instance the degree of fusion of sutures They perform this examination in order to confirm the age of an individual as an older person has more invisible fuse Moreover the value of soft tissue thickness can either be retrieved from the software databank or calculate manually via computerized tomography procedure Soft tissue thicknesses are the lines projecting from the landmarks and the length of these lines correspond to the depth of the soft tissue at that particular location where
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