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There are several techniques in which teachers and professors at many different age levels implement in order to reach the highest potential of each student These techniques range from group projects to rewards for participating in discussion These methods all deal with two major questions of teaching processes first how and why do rewards affect behavior And secondly is it more beneficial to focus on extrinsic or intrinsic motivation in order to achieve academic success There are many possible teaching strategies that can be used in order to increase the chances of academic success Each one has its advantages and disadvantages and contributes to the motivation of the individual Teachers can implement the use of rewards encouragement or praise Rewards Rewards as defined by Ferguson are a pleasurable event that follows a specific behavior that may lead to learning of new responses or to altered motivation Ferguson pg 183 It was believed and is still believed by some that rewards had beneficial effects on learning and that responses that are followed by a reward will tend to be increased on the next occasion It was said that the when a reward followed a correct response it would led to more correct responses and the amount of the award would alter motivation in the individual It is also said that rewards increase the likelihood of a person responding because it gives the individual feedback on the quality of their response Although these rewards may alter the persons goals by focusing more on the reward instead of the learning In such a case obtaining the reward outcome becomes the focus and the action is merely a means to that end Ferguson pg 187 If the person relies on these rewards as incentives for motivation when the rewards are decreased then motivation will decrease as well and the person will be less productive and exert less effort Alder believes that rewards signify an arbitrary consequence and
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