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Mental Health and Illness Topic-Cocaine Dependency Teacher-Ms Thurston Student-Vidushi Singh Dated-April 6 2004 Definition Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant that directly affects the brain Pure cocaine was first extracted from the Erythroxylon coca bushs leaves found in Peru and Bolivia in the mid 1800s In the early 1900s it became the chief stimulant drug used in tonicselixirs to treat many illnesses It rapidly became popular as an ingredient in throat lozenges tonics etc and other products eg Coca Cola from which it was later eliminated However the public soon became apprehensive about cocaine because of the instances of addiction psychotic behavior seizures and even death related to cocaine use The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 was approved as well as the Harrison Act of 1914 which outlawed the use of cocaine and opiates in over-the-counter products the drugs were made available only by prescription Cocaine use soon dropped dramatically and remained at minimal levels for nearly 50 years Today cocaine is a Schedule II drug so it has high potential for abuse but can be administered by a doctor for legitimate medical uses such as a local anesthetic for certain eye ear and throat surgeries Cocaine is generally sold on the street as a fine white crystalline powder It is known as coke C snow flake or blow Street dealers dilute it with cornstarch talcum powder andor sugar or with procaine a chemically-similar local anesthetic or with amphetamines The chief methods of abuse are sniffing snorting injecting and smoking including free-base and crack cocaine Crack is the street name for cocaine that has been processed from cocaine hydrochloride to a free base for smoking Health Hazards Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that interferes with the reabsorption process of dopamine the neurotransmitter of pleasure and movement The duration of short-term euphoric effects- hyperstimulation mental clarity and reduced fatigue-
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