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The Significance of Brown v The Board of Education Topeka KansasThe Supreme Court decision in Brown v The Board of Education of Topeka Kansas has been credited with much significance For some it signaled the start of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s while for others it represented the fall of segregation The Brown decision was a landmark because it overturned the legal policies established by the Plessy v Ferguson decision that legalized the practices of separate but equal In the Plessy decision the 14th Amendment was interpreted in such a way that equality in the law could be met through segregated facilities Jim Crow laws were passed throughout the South and they established separate facilities for Blacks and Whites in everything from schools to restrooms drinking fountains to witness stands in courtrooms For many years the Civil Rights movement during the first 50 years of the 20th Century accepted this policy of separate but equal It fought in many communities for equal pay for teachers and for equal school facilities It fought for equal libraries recreational facilities and health services Plessy defined the terms of the struggle The Brown decision established that separate schools were ipso facto unequal It allowed for better opportunities for Blacks to fight for positive gains and full equality But the fact that there no way to put these decisions to use became clear as it became obvious that few gains were being seen by 1960 Of course Brown did not cause the scales to fall from the eyes of white supremacists The fury of the south was quick and sure The year that a new student Civil Rights movement was founded Immediately after the Brown decision many attempts were made to begin desegregation NAACP chapters encouraged Black parents to sent their children to White schools and there had been retaliation against those who did There had also been three mass marches on Washington on the
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