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Discuss the social function of the caste in Indian culture The social function of the caste system in Indian culture was too ensure that the wealthy and powerful maintained their high social status and standard of living by making sure that the wealth was unevenly distributed The members of the upper castes were lucky to inherit a perfect system that was started by the Nomadic Aryans who headed south into what is know as India today They evolved the system with the use of Hinduism to maintain peace in a highly stratified society which in another time and place would have erupted in massive revolts It still survives to this day making it thousands of years old and the longest evidence of oppression in the history of humankind One of the major themes since the dawn of civilization has been the separation of society into classes Karl Marx the famous sociologist predicted that society normally separates in two main classes those whom had the means of production example land factories and wealth know as the bourgeoisie and those whom did not own wealth know as the proletariat The bourgeoisie had the means to purchase the labor of proletariat who neither had the means of production or to the ability to purchase the labor of others He claimed that the uneven distribution of wealth and power would eventually cause conflict in any society and could trigger an uprising by the proletariat for more even distribution of wealth Newman 326 Evidence of this was seen long before Karl Marxs time In the ancient Roman Empire where uneven sharing of wealth existed it did not take long for the lower class to revolt and get some more rights The social organization of Rome was separated into two groups the patricians and the plebs The patricians constituted and aristocratic governing class Only they could be consuls other magistrates and senators They controlled the centuriate assembly and many other facets
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