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Jasmine Donovan ANTH 214 Mackres 1230 pm TTh 4303 Sociobiological views of Human Aggression The Websters dictionary defines sociobiology as The study of the biological determinants of social behavior based on the theory that such behavior is often genetically transmitted and subject to evolutionary processes Basically human behaviors are due to our genetic makeup rather than it being learned from culture In supporting that a revolutionary ethologist Konrad Lorenz developed an elaborate biological hypothesis based on his recorded comparisons with human and animal behavior In 1966 he wrote a book On Aggression which outlined that in the long period of human evolution certain genes were selected that evolved an aggressive instinct in humansScupin p138 He said that this instinct resulted from natural selection because of inter-group competition and hostility p138 Sociobioligists believe that human aggressiveness is directly related to the knowledge of ape aggression Originally our earlier ancestors were something like an opossum or a bush baby that ate on fruits or large insects by themselves rather than socially Wrangham Peterson p130 Our grandmothers and grandfathers all had these grasping hands and large forward-facing eyes Among these characteristics that were passed down there was a typical mammalian set of aggressive behavior patterns p131 One noticeable aggressive behavior was that of protecting their territory This sort of territorial defense was most always carried out by the females rather than the males Montagu p231 In some monkey species the fight would progress to a group of females forming a tight barrier - these females moving shoulder to shoulder snarling and screaming at the opposing team which could be only a few feet away Wrangham Peterson p130 This aggression is very different from the violence and anger shown by chimpanzees The goal in chimp fights over land is basically seeing the other team lose Montagu p147 Most chimps are in it to see the other group surrender rather than die Wrangham
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