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Word Count: 658
The early 1920s found social patterns in chaos Traditionalists the older Victorians worried that everything valuable was ending Younger modernists no longer asked whether society would approve of their behavior only whether their behavior met the approval of their intellect Intellectual experimentation flourished Americans danced to the sound of the Jazz Age showed their contempt for alcoholic prohibition debated abstract art and Freudian theories In a response to the new social patterns set in motion by modernism a wave of revivalism developed becoming especially strong in the American South Who would dominate American culture--the modernists or the traditionalists Journalists were looking for a showdown and they found one in a Dayton Tennessee courtroom in the summer of 1925 Scopes was convicted of a violation of chapter 27 of the Acts of 1925 for that he did teach in the public schools of Rhea county a certain theory that denied the story of the divine creation of man as taught in the Bible and did teach instead thereof that man had descended from a lower order of animals After a verdict of guilty by the jury the trial judge imposed a fine of 100 and Scopes brought the case to this court by an appeal in the nature of a writ of error According to John Scopes he agreed to stand trial as a result of a drugstore discussion that got out of hand More than one observer has concluded he was snared into it by those seeking publicity for their hometown of Dayton A mining engineer named George Rappelyea a native New Yorker had been reading in the newspaper that the American Civil Liberties Union in New York was willing to supply a defense team of distinguished lawyers to handle a test case of the recently passed anti-evolution law in Tennessee the Butler Act Rappleyea thought immediately of Daytons new science teacher and football coach Scopes Two days later a meeting was arranged after
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